Queen Anne

Queen Anne Style, name applied to three separate styles: an early 18th-century style of decorative arts and architecture, an architectural style of the late 19th century in England, and a similar architectural style of the late 19th century in America. The first refers to design during the reign of Queen Anne, which began in 1702 and lasted until 1714. The style extended partly into the reign of her successor, George I. Hallmarks of Queen Anne furniture design are chairs with cabriole legs and backs curved to fit the spine, and a variety of small tables suited to serving tea. Silverware, graceful in line, is unadorned. In architecture, 18th-century Queen Anne style is associated with small residential buildings, typically of brick-as opposed to contemporary English baroque buildings.
Queen Anne style was revived in England about 1870 in the series of red brick London town houses and Elizabethan-style manor houses built by the English architect and urban designer Richard Norman Shaw. Influenced by Shaw's work, American designers adapted the style to American tastes. The first American Queen Anne-style building is H. H. Richardson's Watts Sherman house, in Newport, Rhode Island. Built in 1874, the house exemplifies American Queen Anne style through the use of many different construction materials and the inclusion of a gabled roof and open living room.

Kilde/Source: Microsoft Encarta 97